He was soon displaced by his uncle, Ptolemy VIII, who executed him the following year. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. As his reign progressed, he fell increasingly under the influence of his favourites, and around November 205 he died. The current theory is that Ptolemy's ship was an oversized catamaran galley, measuring 128 m 420 ft. Ptolemy IV is a major antagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes purported events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. Obverse: Head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing tainia. She co-ruled during her first reign, until 164 BC, with Ptolemy VI Philometor, her first husband and the older of her brothers, and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, her younger brother. Seleucus IV Philopator. Ancient Greece) Ptolemy IV Philopator Ptolemaic King of Egypt Mnaeion or Octodracma Alexandria Gold = 27.80 Grams Diameter = 25mm. Ptolemy IV's reign was also marked by trade with other contemporaneous polities. 169: The Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes invades Egypt and demands that Ptolemy VI receives other advisers (Comanus and Cineas). After Raphia, Ptolemy married his sister, Arsinoe, who bore him a successor in 210. Ptolemy IV (Ptolemy Philopator) (tŏl`əmē fĭlŏp`ətər), king of ancient Egypt (221–205 B.C. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Still a minor, he was the ward of his mother, who also served as his co-ruler. Plutarch also mentions that Ptolemy Philopater owned this immense vessel in his Life of Demetrios. References: Svoronos 1148 Size: 37mm, 37.4g At the 37-38mm in size and 37-38g in weight, they CERTAINLY are pleasing to hold in hand. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ptolemy-IV-Philopator, Virtual Religion Network - Biography of Ptolemy IV Philopator. Very Rare. At their instigation, Ptolemy arranged the murder of his mother, uncle, and brother. The Ptolemies were the Greek/Macedonian rulers of Egypt in the period after the death of Alexander the Great and before the rise of Roman control. He married (about 220 BC) his sister Arsinoë III, but continued to be ruled by his mistress Agathoclea, sister of Agathocles. Among these pieces were 17 copper mints from the Ptolemy III, Ptolemy IV and Ptolemy V dynasties, as well as late Imperial Rome and Mamluk Sultanate coins. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_IV_Philopator. Ptolemy VI Philometor (or Ptolemy IV Philopator) 170: Outbreak of the Sixth Syrian War. Geni requires JavaScript! Ptolemy IV Philopator: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 222 to 204. The forty of its name may refer to its number of banks of oars. Ptolemy (IV) Philopator (Ptolemaios IV) 221 - 204 BC. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The only recorded instance of this type of vessel, in fact, is this showpiece galley built for Ptolemy IV, described by Callixenus of Rhodes, writing in the 3rd century BCE, and by Athenaeus in the 2nd century AD. Omissions? Ptolemy IV Philopator gets too close to the Holy of Holies at the Temple in Jerusalem, by Jan Luyken, 1700. He began his reign (221 BCE) by ordering the murder of his mother [ Berenice II ], uncle [Lysimachus] & younger brother [Magas]. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. 6.8 gm. The current theory is that Ptolemy's ship was an oversize catamaran galley, measuring 128 m 420 ft. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes purported events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. In the Aegean, he retained a number of islands, but, in spite of honours granted him, he refused to become embroiled in the wars of the Greek states. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt. 238 B.C.-ca. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr, reigned 221–205 BCE), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. Among the children of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt was Ptolemy V Epiphanes, who married Cleopatra I Syra, daughter of Antiochus III the Great and Laodice III. Birth of NN (died shortly after his birth), Birth of King Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II of Egypt, Fourth Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Egypt., LVS6-CBY. Birth of Ptolemy IV Philopator, Pharaoh of Egypt, Birth of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt. Ptolemy is said to have built a giant ship known as the tessarakonteres ("forty"), a huge type of galley. Updates? The decline of the Ptolemaic dynasty began under the reign of Ptolemy IV. He married his sister Arsinoë III (about 220 BC), but continued to be ruled by his mistress Agathoclea, sister of Agathocles. Among these pieces were 17 copper mints from the Ptolemy III, Ptolemy IV and Ptolemy V dynasties, as well as late Imperial Rome and Mamluk Sultanate coins. Brother of Arsinoe III Philopator, queen of Egypt; Alexander; Alexander; Magas, Prince of Egypt; Berenice and 1 other; and Lysimachus « less, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_IV_of_Egypt. According to Polybius, Ptolemy’s debauched and corrupt character, rather than his diplomatic acumen, kept him clear of foreign involvements. When Ptolemy and his sister after their progress had reached the extremity of his left wing and Antiochus with his horse-guards had reached his extreme right, they gave the signal for battle and brought the elephants first into action. Silver Didrachm 19 mm. He built a temple to Homer and composed a tragedy, to which his favourite Agathocles added a commentary. Under the reign of Ptolemy IV, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom began. Father of NN (died shortly after his birth); Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt and King Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II of Egypt Ông là Pharaoh thứ tư của triều đại Ptolemaios ở Ai Cập.Dưới triều đại của Ptolemaios IV, sự suy yếu của vương quốc Ptolemaios bắt đầu xuất hiện. This particular coin type is a well-known type from Ptolemy IV, who reigned from 221 BC to 204 BC. Although holding the initiative, the Egyptian king, on Sosibius’s advice, negotiated a peace, and the Seleucid army withdrew from Coele Syria. Partner of Agathoclea The decline of the Ptolemaic dynasty began under the reign of Ptolemy IV. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ptolemy IV Philopator was the fourth ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Following the defection of one of Ptolemy’s best commanders, Egypt’s Syro-Palestinian territory, Coele Syria, was seriously threatened by Antiochus III, the Syrian Seleucid ruler. Ptolemy is said to have built a giant ship known as the tessarakonteres ("forty"), a huge galley and possibly the largest human-powered vessel ever built. Pronunciation of Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator with 1 audio pronunciation and more for Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator. 205 B.C. His clique of favourites kept Ptolemy’s death a secret and about a year later murdered Queen Arsinoe, leaving the young successor at their mercy. Ptolemy IV Philopator, 222-205/4 BC AE Tetrobol, Alexandria mint. [5] Ancestry[edit] [show]Ancestors of Ptolemy IV Philopator References[edit] Jump up ^ Polybius, XV 25.2. How to say Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator in English? These kings had been viewed by the local Egyptians with nothing more positive than resentful acquiescence. In this reign the series of wars against Syria continued. Ptolemy V Epiphanes (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἐπιφανής Εὐχάριστος, Ptolemaĩos Epiphanḗs Eucharistos "Ptolemy the Manifest, the Beneficent"; 9 October 210–September 180 BC), son of the siblings Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt, was the fifth ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty from July/August 204 to September 180 BC. Ptolemy IV Philopator (“Father-loving”) was the son of Ptolemy III and Berenike II and the fourth ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. To the south, Ptolemy maintained peaceful relations with the neighbouring kingdom. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ptolemy IV Philopater, King of Egypt, married his sister, Arsinoe III, circa 220 BC, but ruled with his mistress, Agathoclea, sister to Agathocles. Ptolemaic Kingdom. Self-interest led his ministers to make serious preparations to meet the attacks of Antiochus III the Great on Coele-Syria including Judea, and the great Egyptian victory of Raphia (217), where Ptolemy himself was present, secured the northern borders of the kingdom for the remainder of his reign. Seleucus IV Philopator (Greek: Σέλευκος Δ΄ Φιλοπάτωρ; c. 218-175 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, reigned from 187 BC to 175 BC over a realm consisting of Syria (now including Cilicia and Judea), Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Nearer Iran (Media and Persia). Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. Ptolemy IV Philopator Label from public data source Wikidata; Ptolemy IV Philopator, King of Egypt, approximately 238 B.C.-approximately 205 B.C. His reign was inaugurated by the murder of his mother, and he was always under the dominion of favourites, male and female, who indulged his vices and conducted the government as they pleased. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221-204 BC. Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt who ruled from 175 to 116 BC with two successive brother-husbands and her daughter—often in rivalry with her brother Ptolemy VIII. Son of Ptolemy III Euergetes, Pharaoh of Egypt and Berenice II, queen of Egypt Cf. In the spring of 217, however, Ptolemy’s new army met the Seleucid forces near Raphia in southern Palestine, and with the help of the Egyptian phalanx Ptolemy was victorious. Ptolemy IV Philopator Debauched son of Ptolemy III during whose inattentive reign Egypt lost most of the stability & influence it had achieved under the first three Macedonian pharaohs. Under the reign of Ptolemy IV, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom… … AE38 mm, 41.72 gr. 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