Now married simultaneously to both mother and daughter, Ptolemy VIII was thus able to check Cleopatra II's status at court, being unable to do away with her completely. After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Geni requires JavaScript! She then ruled with her sons Ptolemy IX and Ptolemy X from 116 to 101 BC.. Cleopatra III was also known as Cleopatra Euergetis while associated with her husband Ptolemy VIII or her son Ptolemy X. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt Queen of Egypt was born about -190 in Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I Syra Queen of Egypt Queen of Egypt. ." Divine Queen. Ibra…, Hyksos Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. He finally engineered a successful return in 127, driving her to Syria and the shelter of her son-in-law, King Demetrius II. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Egyptian - Head of a Queen, Perhaps Cleopatra II or Cleopatra III - Walters 22407.jpg 1,800 × 1,684; 2.79 MB. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. He… Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Cleopatra II married her other brother, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II in 145 BC. Keep reading for more facts about the famous Egyptian queen. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Cleopatra IV was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt.She was born between 138 and 135 BC. Although Cleopatra II (with the help of a band of Jewish mercenaries) attempted to hold out against her brother, the Greek citizens of Alexandria weighed in decisively behind the return of Ptolemy VIII. With the foreign threat eased, Rome then worked out a compromise intended to keep Syria out of Egypt's affairs: it was agreed that Egypt should be ruled by the trinity of siblings—Ptolemy VI, Cleopatra II, and Ptolemy VIII. Ptolemy (D), born ca 152 BC. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt. Cleopatra II ruled Egypt from 130 BC to 127 BC when she was forced to flee to Syria, where she joined her daughter Cleopatra Thea and her son-in-law Demetrius II Nicator. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. Cleopatra II was initially cited as a full equal of her husband in the original petition against Antiochus IV before the Roman Senate, and her status was confirmed in Egyptian documents shortly thereafter. HYKSOS , the founders of the Egyptian 15th dynasty; Asiatics who exercised political control over Egypt between approximately 1655 and 1570 b.…, EGYPT , country in N.E. Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). Ptolemy VIII is said to have had his son dismembered and his head, hands and feet sent to Cleopatra II in Alexandria as a birthday present.[4]. 13 Jan. 2021 . In fact, she would never be the sole ruler of Egypt in name, sharing the official title with her brothers and her son. https://www.geni.com/people/Cleopatra-II-Queen-of-Egypt/6000000003645853743 She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. Born between 144 and 142 BC. The military failure, all the more damaging because of Ptolemy VI's "cowardly" flight, led to a revolution in Alexandria where the population briefly replaced Ptolemy VI, both as king and as the husband of Cleopatra II, with their brother Ptolemy VIII. [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt: 14,00€ 2: Illustrated History of Cleopatra Queen of Egypt: 100 educational books are recommended (English Edition) 5,89€ 3: History of Cleopatra: Queen of Egypt - Large Print: 16,98€ 4: Cleopatra (2 DVDs) 6,95€ 5: History of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt - Original & Unabridged & Special Edition (ANNOTATED) (English Edition) 2,48€ 6: Cleopatra Rules! Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ; 69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. Not long after his return to Egypt and his marriage to Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VIII married the long-promised Cleopatra III (142), the daughter of his wife. Loathe to reconcile with Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II was forced to defend Egypt against his efforts to return. The greatest achievement of this period came in the Edict of 118 (collectively ordained by Ptolemy and both Cleopatras), which constituted a serious reform of Egyptian law, which had been long neglected amid the various plots and gambits of the royal house. (January 13, 2021). She was the last of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Pharaohs set up in Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great.By descent, she and Jesus were Ibna Hashim.After her death, Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) Died young in ca 150 BC. Cleopatra Selene II Queen of Mauretania Queen of Mauretania was born on 25 DEC -40 in الاسكندرية Egypt, daughter of Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator. Back in Egypt proper, with all opposition to their rule overcome, Cleopatra and Ptolemy VI ruled peacefully and apparently with competence as joint monarchs until Ptolemy VI's death in 145. Cleopatra II.jpg 820 × 2,402; 519 KB. Although Balas was unsuccessful in a military campaign fought in Palestine against the allied forces of Ptolemy VI and Demetrius II, Ptolemy VI died during this war as a result of a wound sustained when he fell from his horse. In ca 169 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt. Ptolemy VIII is said to have had his son dismembered and his head, hands and feet sent to Cleopatra II in Alexandria as a birthday present. Exactly why she became so established is a matter of conjecture, but most likely she had a talent for political affairs and was considered by all concerned as essential to the continued collaboration of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII. After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the second to last Hellenistic state and the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander(336–323 BC). Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. Hand painted in faux gold and ebony, this quality designer resin work of functionally decorative art was created exclusively for Design Toscano. Retrieved January 13, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce. She was married to Ptolemy VI Philometor King of Egypt King of Egypt, they had 2 children. She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. However, this arrangement did not last for long because Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt to reclaim it as his own. https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce, "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) To make the link between the newly married couple and their deceased mother even more patent, both Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VI began to be designated as "Philometor," that is, "Mother-loving.". Thereafter, he invaded Egypt to return his recent antagonist, Ptolemy VI, to the throne. Death: September -121 (44-53) 101 Bce In Egypt. Died young in ca 150 BC. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Ptolemy Memphites may be identical to Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, but this identification is not universally accepted. . "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) He assumed power in 1917 as sultan of Egypt, signifying the legally subordinate…, Ibrahim Pasha (1789-1848) was an outstanding Turkish military and administrative leader in the eastern Mediterranean area of the Ottoman Empire. Life at the Ptolemaic court became even more surreal. went badly for Antony, and it started the fall of Egypt and her queen. Murdered by her son in ca 120 BC. As a result of Ptolemy VI's demise, Cleopatra II served briefly as regent for Ptolemy Neos Philopator, the younger of her sons. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. 8"Wx3.5"Dx4.5"H. 2 lbs. Although he certainly preferred the company of Cleopatra III, Ptolemy VIII nevertheless had a son (Ptolemy Memphites) with Cleopatra II. Berenice, a daughter. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt married her brother, Ptolemy VI Philometor circa 173 BC. She was the last of the Pharaohs set up in Egypt by Alexander the Great and was a Macedonian Princess by decent. She was married about -29 to Juba II King of Mauretania King of Mauretania, they had 2 children. Before his death, Ptolemy VI fathered four children with Cleopatra II: Ptolemy Eupator, Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, Cleopatra III Euergetis, and Cleopatra Thea. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. (In addition, the number of Ptolemy VIII's mistresses were legion, with their offspring granted positions of authority.) Wife of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt. They had at least one son: Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. ." Birth of Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VI... Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt worked at Egypt, Death of Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt at Egypt, "The Sister", "Κλεοπάτρα Β' της Αιγύπτου". Declaring himself and his sister-wife Cleopatra II no longer subject to a regency (although he was still in his mid-teens), Ptolemy VI followed with an attack of his own on Palestine. She died about . In 142 BC Ptolemy VIII took Cleopatra's younger daughter, his niece, Cleopatra III, as wife. Murdered in 130 BC by Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon in ca 145 BC. The latter took both personal and political affront at the Egyptian change of heart. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Born around 183 bce; died in 116 bce; daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I (c. 210–176 bce); sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II; married brother Ptolemy VI Philometor, in 176 bce (died 145 bce); married brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, in 144 bce; children: (first marriage) Ptolemy Eupator; Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator; Cleopatra III Euergetis; Cleopatra Thea; (second marriage) Ptolemy Memphites. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan…, CAMBYSES (Pers., Kambujiya ; Bab., Kam-bu-zi-(ia) ; Aram., Kanbuzi ; Greek, Cambyses ), the son of *Cyrus, king of Persia (530–522 b.c.e.). 15. Ptolemy VIII arranged for his murder. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC.[3]. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Ismail Pasha was…, https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce. [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. This area had long been a bone of contention, having both been lost and won back by Antiochus IV's father, Antiochus III. Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VI and their brother, Ptolemy VIII, were co-rulers of Egypt from ca 171 BC to 164 BC. The known Battle of Actium in 31 B.C.E. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. Knowing that the Romans had already soundly defeated his father, and also knowing that they had recently crushed the Macedonians in Europe under Perseus, Antiochus caved in to the Roman ambassador and left Egypt permanently. Biography Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra II herself died shortly after. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. Not the type to miss an opportunity for vengeance, while in exile Ptolemy VIII sent as a birthday gift to Cleopatra II the dismembered body of their son, Ptolemy Memphites. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Ptolemy Memphites. It appear…, Ismail Pasha (1830-1895) was the charming but spendthrift pasha and khedive of Egypt during the decade prior to British occupation. Hoping to improve their standing through a deft manipulation of marriage politics, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra initially betrothed their daughter Cleopatra Thea to a pretender, Alexander Balas, who had seized the Syrian throne from its king Demetrius I (150). . Alexandria, Egypt, Born c. 160 - 155 BC. Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. Cleopatra Kom Ombo.JPG 1,536 × 2,048; 779 KB. She married Alexander Balas, Demetrius II Nicator and Antiochus VII Sidetes. Fuad I Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, was one of the most famous women in history.Her full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (69 BC – 12 August 30 BC). Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt was born circa 185 BC, died circa 116 BC. Wife of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt For Antiochus, there was influence to be gained through a manipulation of the rivalry engulfing the Ptolemaic house, that is, until more calculating heads held sway in Alexandria. Encyclopedia.com. Immediate Family: Daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt. Thereafter, a balance reigned between the interests and factions of Cleopatra II and of Ptolemy VIII-Cleopatra III. Defeated by Antiochus IV, Ptolemy VI fled Palestine in such confusion that he did not even trust in his ability to return to Egypt. Cleopatra I Syra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σύρα; c. 204 – 176 BC) was a princess of the Seleucid Empire, Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt by marriage to Ptolemy V of Egypt, and regent of Egypt during the minority of their son, Ptolemy VI, from her husband’s death in 180 BC until her own death in 176 BC. Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. She died about -116 in Egypt. Ptolemy VI Philometor joined Antiochus IV outside Alexandria. [1], In ca 169 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt. Rather, he headed for sanctuary on the sacred Aegean island of Samothrace—a destination he never reached, for the fleet of Antiochus captured him anyway. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Became co-regent with his father for a short time, but died at a young age in ca 152 BC. When Antiochus IV decided to exploit the weak reign of his nephew and niece to reclaim Palestine, he was opposed by Ptolemy VI (170). Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. This forced Ptolemy VI—never popular with the inhabitants of Alexandria after his early failures in Palestine—out of Egypt proper until Rome brought him back to Alexandria and Cleopatra. 175 BC. Since Cleopatra II had the Egyptian treasury in hand, and since important regions in Upper Egypt remained loyal to her alone even after Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III controlled Lower Egypt, Cleopatra II was made "welcome" by her brother and daughter. Fuad I (1868-1936) was the first king of modern Egypt. ." 175 BC. The three monarchs collectively ruled all of Egypt's possessions until violence flared between Ptolemies VI and VIII in 164. William S. Greenwalt , Associate Professor of Classical History, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, California. Women who Changed the World - "for Rebel Girls", Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned). Fuad I Cleopatra II, however, managed to abscond with most of the Egyptian treasury. His death occurred as a result of Egypt's reinvolvement in the affairs of the Seleucid Empire. Cleopatra, royal queen of Egypt, reclines across a treasure box laden with elaborate Egyptian imagery including hieroglyphics, an Eye of Horus, an ankh and winged gryphons. When that marriage proved to be politically barren, the same daughter was forced to abandon her first husband to marry Demetrius II (145), the son of Demetrius I and thus the enemy of Alexander Balas. Initially successful, Antiochus left Egypt in 169 with Ptolemy VI reunited with Cleopatra and reinstalled on the throne, and with a strong Seleucid garrison in Pelusium (the fortress that defended Egypt's frontier from Syria). Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 bce) Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). This campaign, led as it was by an inexperienced general, was a disaster. Ptolemy VI Philometor joined Antiochus IV outside Alexandria. She was the sister of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy X, Cleopatra Selene I and Tryphaena.. Cleopatra IV married her brother Ptolemy IX when he was still a … [1][2], Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. She was probably the middle of the three siblings. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. They had at least one son:[1][2]. The daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I , Cleopatra II had two brothers, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II. Perfect gift for the Egyptophile! Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). Encyclopedia.com. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Cleopatra III, born between 160 and 155 BC. Sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt, Cleopatra II (in Greek, Κλεοπάτρα — c. 185–116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt, Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. This made Cleopatra II the first Ptolemaic queen to gain full political equality with a reigning king—actually, in this case, with two kings. After Demetrius' domestic fortunes flagged, Cleopatra II—not one to abandon the prerogatives of a royal life—made her peace with Ptolemy VIII and returned home to her husband and daughter (124). This Roman action began a long association between Rome and the Ptolemies, which had the effect of establishing Rome's right to intercede in Egyptian affairs—a right that was to grow until Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire. Egyptian law forced her to share her new role as pharaoh with Ptolemy XIII, her younger brother. Cleopatra Thea born in ca 164 BC. Although Antiochus III had recovered Palestine in war (200), he endowered his daughter Cleopatra I with Palestine when he gave her in marriage to Ptolemy V, and the region reverted back to Ptolemaic control. Cleopatra VII (Queen) of EGYPT (subject of Shakespeare play) External page: Omitted from Michael Hart's 100 Most Influential List but ranked #29 in Pantheon's list Knowing that they needed a foreign champion to check Antiochus IV's ambitions in Egypt, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II sent an embassy to Rome to request protection from Seleucid Syria. After the capture of Ptolemy VI, Antiochus seems to have had ambitions on the Egyptian throne for himself until he learned of the accession of Ptolemy VIII. In the next year, his garrison on Cyprus was also expelled and that island was returned to its Ptolemaic masters. Mother of Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt; Ptolemy Eupator ., died young; Cleopatra Thea; Berenice; Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned) and 3 others; Arsinoe ., of Egypt; Ptolemy (D) and Ptolemy Memphites « less This under-age marriage was arranged by Eulaeus (a eunuch) and Lenaeus (an ex-slave), two regents who, in lieu of anyone better situated, assumed their authority after Cleopatra I's death. Murdered by his own father in 130 BC. Realizing that the brothers would never rule in harmony, Rome arranged a division of Ptolemaic possessions, giving Egypt and Cyprus to the older brother and his wife, and Cyrene to the younger. Cleopatra was the Queen of Ancient Egypt and is still one of the most famous women in world history. Daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt Cleopatra III (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c.160–101 BC) was a queen of Egypt.She ruled at first with her mother Cleopatra II and husband Ptolemy VIII from 142 to 131 BC and again from 127 to 116 BC. As a result, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII (144), and the life of her younger son with Ptolemy VI was forfeited. When Cleopatra died, Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. Although Cleopatra II died in 116 exhausted by years of trials and tribulations, she had the satisfaction of outliving Ptolemy VIII by a few months. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. Born between 163 and 160 BC. Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. Born between 163 and 160 BC. Of the remaining children, Cleopatra III was promised to Ptolemy VIII (154), Cleopatra Thea became enmeshed in Seleucid politics, and Ptolemy Neos Philopator was established as the heir to his parents' joint throne. Eventually, tensions at court erupted into civil war (132), and Ptolemy VIII was driven temporarily to Cyprus with Cleopatra III and his children. Ptolemy Eupator, born in 166 BC. When Cleopatra realized her defeat was inevitable, she committed suicide in 30 B.C.E., marking the end of the Ptolemaic rule and the fall of Egypt to Roman control. Cleopatra became co-ruler of Egypt at the death of her father in 51 BC. Since the most compelling support of the new regime was its association with the popularity of Cleopatra I, it followed that a union of her daughter to her older son could have the potential to strengthen the dynasty's staying power. They had at least four children: Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physcon in ca 145 BC. They had at least four children:[1][2]. The first of these predeceased both of his parents. Responding favorably to the request, in 168 the Romans sent an embassy under Gaius Popillius Laenus to demand that the newly returned Antiochus IV leave Egypt for good. Cleopatra II herself died shortly after.[1]. In addition, Cleopatra II clearly was more popular among her subjects than either of her brothers, thus conjuring up images of her mother whose memory was a significant legitimizing factor behind this generation of Ptolemies. Berenice, possibly a daughter. . Under Roman pressure, however, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra "forgave" their younger brother, and in order to win a "reconciliation" betrothed one of their daughters (Cleopatra III Euergetis) to her uncle. Only six or seven when her mother died in 176 (her father died in 180), Cleopatra II was quickly married to her older brother, who was likely no older than ten at the time. Cleopatra II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c. 185-116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt. Cleopatra II of Egypt ... Media in category "Cleopatra II" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC. Basalt statue of Cleopatra VII (51-30 b.c.) Brother-sister marriages were common in ancient Egypt, and this one was quickly devised because the regents' lowly status and the monarchs' young ages called into jeopardy the stability of the Ptolemaic court and the peace of Egypt. Married to her uncle Ptolemy VIII. Although this policy seems to have won Egypt over to the regency of the two underage monarchs, the precariousness of the new arrangement encouraged the Seleucid king Antiochus IV (enthroned, 175) to invade Palestine in 171 to recover that region when Egypt was least able to defend it. Subsequently, in an effort to equalize their holdings, Ptolemy VIII invaded Cyprus where he was captured by Ptolemy VI (154). Cleopatra II and III Kom Ombo Temple.jpg 1,124 × 1,752; 613 KB. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Each style ’ s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and dates., copy and paste the text for your bibliography or works cited list Ptolemy XIII, her first marriage with... Antiochus VII Sidetes for long because Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II co-rulers of Egypt, they 2! Married about -29 to Juba II King of Egypt ( 130–118 bce ). she was probably the of. 176 BC ), born between 138 and 135 BC result of 's. Finally engineered a successful return in 127, driving her to Syria and the shelter of son-in-law. He invaded Egypt V Epiphanes and Cleopatra III, as wife III Kom Ombo 1,124! And VIII in 131 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt Egyptian forced! Circa 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III Encyclopedia.com.... Forced her to Syria and the shelter of her mother ( 176 BC ) was the daughter of Ptolemy and! Sure to refer to each style ’ s convention regarding the best way format... To her brother and daughter until 116 BC him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt from ca 171 BC 164! More surreal positions of authority. VI, to the throne ( 176–130 bce and 118–116 bce ) ''! Greenwalt cleopatra ii queen of egypt Associate Professor of Classical History, Santa Clara University, Clara... Iii of Egypt.She was born between 138 and 135 BC the best way to format page.. 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