Practice means that the care setting will grow into a reality for children, families and colleagues. Low education may prevent parents from learning techniques for protecting their children from health risks. Thus, it is necessary to examine how family background affects children’s academic achievement at an early stage. Families that live in urban areas are likely to have more access to early year’s settings, have a variety of learning opportunities such as; playgrounds, museums, zoos and other areas of interest, have better transport networks to get to other places of interest quicker. A growing number of theoretical perspectives suggest that socioeconomic indicators, such as parental education and a family’s financial resources, may influence academic achievement in part through psychological mechanisms (Diemer, Mistry, Wadsworth, López, & Reimers, 2013; Kraus & Stephens, 2012; Stephens, Markus, & Phillips, 2014). We cannot say however that all students living in a low socioeconomic area are of working class however the literature argues that majority of students who live in low socioeconomic areas do not do as well in school than students from a higher socioeconomic area. Socioeconomic status is the combination of family income, parents' occupations, and level of parental education. Academic performance in primary education plays a crucial role in obtaining further educational opportunities. 4 As of 2011, the poverty threshold was $22,350 for a family of four. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others.When analyzing a family's SES, the household income, earners' education, and occupation are examined, as well as combined income, whereas for an individual's SES only their own attributes are assessed. Stylish clothing can be very expensive and children can experience peer pressure from others or even be bullied if they do not follow the popular trends. Eydie J. Pettigrew ... their entrance into kindergarten through upper grades. As a result, children from families with low socioeconomic status are at greater risk of entering kindergarten unprepared than their peers from families with median or high socioeconomic status. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Low SES and its correlates, such as lower educational achievement, poverty and poor health, ultimately affect our society. from low group (Knapp & Shields, 1990; Reed & Sautter, 1990). Socioeconomic status has a relatively strong impact on parental involvement compared to other factors. These factors can take place externally and have a significant effect on a child’s life chances. Poverty, specifically, is not a single factor but rather is characterized by multiple physical and psychosocial stressors. Research suggests that these environments ever so often resulted in parents communicating much less to children, for example, due to this infants and toddlers, will have few communication skills which will influence ability to connect with other people and build friendships. This can again have an impact on a child’s learning and development. Community education level and students' socioeconomic status were the strongest predictors of success on standardized tests. Eydie J. Pettigrew ... their entrance into kindergarten through upper grades. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The bond established between a baby and their parents or primary carer has a direct influence on development. ... Two studies track connections from the distal variables of socioeconomic status ... higher SES mothers differ from lower SES mothers in which of the following ways… This entry focuses on the three common measures of socioeconomic status; education, income, and occupation. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), early childhood is the utmost thorough time of a child’s brain development. A family must balance their income with necessary expenses, which consists of cautious budgeting. Family income has a major influence on the opportunities children could have. Reading, the process of acquiring meaning from text, is one of the most complex and unique cognitive activities of humans. Children whose parents both work might have a diet that consists of convenience foods that are not healthy. Young children find it difficult to make changes which are against the norms, values and culture of their family. Families that have been evicted from their homes may relocate to different school districts where it's difficult to get their children back to the school they were in. Hamid (2011) scrutinized the relationships between students’ socioeconomic status and their learning outcomes. However, children who live in an urban area may experience social deprivation and have to cope with high crime rates and vandalism. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Researchers found over the long term, “a mother’s depressive symptoms are a better predictor of social competence than both income and education.” How parents cope with financial stress can have a stronger effect on children’s social and emotional development. In modern society the structure of the family can vary. attitudes and motivation toward learning English, the researcher has analyzed the data through SPSS (version 14). Factors that can affect learning and development are deveined into social environmental, economic and physical factors.